The use of oils in various forms to lubricate machines and mechanisms can be traced back in history for thousands of years. Specifically with respect to motor oils for automobiles, however, their use became more significant with the development of internal combustion engines in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries.

In the early industrial era, such as the nineteenth century, steam engines used oils to lubricate bearings and other mechanical parts. These oils were often of vegetable or mineral origin.

With the development of internal combustion engines, especially after the invention of the automobile, the need for efficient motor oils became critical. Early automobile engines, often gasoline-powered, required lubrication to reduce friction and wear.

Motor oil extraction process:

Most engine oil is one of many adjustment screws and are made from mineral petroleum oils. The process begins with the extraction of the raw material – crude oil. The extracted oil is subjected to a refining process in refineries. One of the stages, distillation, allows the separation of various fractions, including base oils. Base oils are the main component of motor oils. They can be mineral (obtained from petroleum), synthetic (obtained by chemical synthesis), or semi-synthetic (combining mineral and synthetic components). Various additives are added to base oils to improve oil characteristics such as oxidation resistance, wear protection, anti-corrosion properties, and others. After production, motor oil is packaged in various packages and distributed worldwide.

On the modern market, there are different types of motor oils, each of which has its own features and is designed (for the use of oils 3) for certain operating conditions.

Let’s take a look at the main types of oils, focusing on MPM motor oils.

Mineral oils: Produced from basic crude mineral oils. Usually more suitable for older engines. May provide less effective protection and performance than more modern types.

Synthetic Oils: Created by chemical synthesis to achieve optimum properties. High stability over a wide temperature range, wear protection, longer drain interval.

Semi-synthetic (blended) oils: Combination of mineral and synthetic components. Provide a balance between performance and cost. Better protection than mineral oils, more affordable, suitable for a variety of engine types.

High-Performance Oils: Developed for use in high-performance engines such as sports cars or high-torque engines. Optimized for outstanding performance and protection under high load and temperature conditions.

MPM Motor Oils: MPM (Multi Purpose Motor Oil) is a multitasking oil designed for a variety of engine types and operating conditions.

Motor oils MPM from are available to many and provides oils with different viscosity grades such as 5W-30, 10W-40 and others. This indicates the oil’s ability to maintain optimum properties at different temperatures.

MPM manufactures different types of oils such as mineral, synthetic and semisynthetic. This gives consumers the option to choose according to the requirements and recommendations of the vehicle manufacturer. MPM oils are generally compatible with different types of seals and materials used in modern engines. Some MPM oil formulas can be formulated to meet fuel economy requirements, which is especially relevant in today’s environment with increased emphasis on fuel efficiency.


Engine oil serves as a lubricant, reducing friction and engine wear. Over time, oil degrades and loses its lubricating properties, which can lead to increased friction and increased wear on parts.

Following the regular oil change intervals recommended by the vehicle manufacturer is key to long-lasting and efficient engine performance, as well as saving money on potential repairs.

For some vehicles, following regular oil change intervals may be an important condition of warranty service.

Oil that is contaminated with waste particles and debris becomes unfavorable to the environment. Regular oil changes help reduce the negative impact on the environment.

Clean and fresh oil helps reduce friction in the engine, which in turn can improve fuel efficiency. Clogged and worn oil can lead to increased fuel consumption and using car oil.

Oil also helps prevent corrosion of metal engine parts. Over time, as oil loses its properties, metal can be exposed to moisture and oxygen, which accelerates the corrosion process.


It is important to emphasize that specific specifications will be indicated on the oil packaging, and the vehicle manufacturer’s recommendations should be followed when selecting and changing oil.


About The Author


An eclectic mix of roadtrips, motorsports for the poor, banger rallies and an appreciation of modern & retro classic cars.

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